BBKP Surabaya has done its duty and function based on the current regulations. Several law products such as Permentan which related with operational activity must be implemented in the field at that year. One of them is Permentan No.47/Permentan/OT.140/4/2013 dated April 19 2013, about Horticultural Products Import Recommendation, which is the latest regulation issued by the government to revoke (Article 15) Horticulture Importation Arrangements in Permentan 60/2012 about Horticultural Products Import Recommendation, which issued by the directorate general P2HP of Ministry of Agriculture and the regulation of Minister of trading 60/2012 about Horticulture Products Imports Approval Letter to the Republic of Indonesia territory that is published by Directorate General of Foreign Trading in Ministry of trading. The implementation of those 2 will be carried out by Agriculture Quarantine Agency unit at the entry points.
In the resolution of Permentan No.47 year 2013, automatically the authority of Plant Quarantine Officer as stipulated in Permentan No. 60 year 2012 is not being carried out in compliance with import licensing requirements as well as the horticulture Horticulture Product Import Recommendation and Horticultural Products Import Approval.
The development of quarantine measures certification frequency graphic for the last 6 (six) years (2009 – 2014) as follows:
1. Quarantine Measures against Pest Carrier
Quarantine measures (8p) against pest carrier which imported, exported and/or shipped inter-area, this covers: checking, isolation, observation, treatment, containment, rejection, extermination and release. Carrier include seeds and plants that is non-processed or processed, which can be infected.
Operational data for 2014 show that the operations viewed by the frequency of activities that can be measured by the number of certification has been done and the volume of carrier media object almost the whole increase on the previous year.
Data comparison of operational activity in 2012, 2013 and 2014 are the summary of export, import and domestic operational activity volume. Generally the total volume of operational activity, bars, and M3 has increased. The volume development percentage from 2012 until 2014 can be viewed at table below:
The operational activity of plant quarantine measures in 2014, for service users in BBKP Surabaya include its work areas for each activity are explained in graphic 3.
Sequentially, the operational activities of the Tanjung Perak harbor working area (Unit I) was ranked the top and followed by Juanda airport working area, Abdul Rahman Saleh Airport – Malang working area, Tanjung Wangi harbor working area, Gresik harbor working area, and Kediri postal office working area. The plant quarantined activity in Kediri is held by the cooperation between Kediri Postal Office and Kediri Customs, where there are may reported seed packages delivered in small amount through that postal office. The complete data as follows:
1.1 Quarantine Measures for Imported Pest Carrier
Quarantine measures for Imported Pest Carrier through BBKP Surabaya had occurred 28.895 times in total. For seed there were 191 occurrences; 2.326.526 Kg; 152.666 sticks. For live plants yield there were 16.370 occurrences;4.402.485 Kg. For dead plants yield there were 9.243 occurrences; 2.611.693.943 Kg; 297.133 M3. And for other things there were 3.091 occurrences; 279.475 Kg: 203 M3; 140 pcs.
Quarantine measures for the imported commodities through Tanjung Perak harbor consisted of 16 types of seed with 67 occurrences, volume 2.222.854 Kg, 63 types of live plant commodities with 16.353 occurrences, with volume 4.050.027.810 Kg, and 98 types of dead plant commodities with 7.318 occurrences; with volume 2.611.585.092 Kg; 297.129 M3. And 4 types of other thing commodities with 3.062 occurrences with volume 279.474 Kg; 62,068 M3.
Quarantine measures for imported commodities through Juanda Airport consisted of 18 types of seed with 124 occurrences, volume 103.671 Kg; 152.666 sticks, 2 types of live plants commodities with 2 occurrences, volume 3 Kg, and 18 types of dead plant commodities with 1.925 occurrences; 108.851 Kg; 4 M3, and for the other things like wooden package/pallet there are 29 occurrences, 141 M3; 140 M3.
Quarantined measures for imported plants through Gresik harbor with one type of live plant non seed, had occurred 15 times, 352.202.672 kg.
For Abdurachman Saleh Airport – Malang, Tanjungwangi harbor – Banyuwangi, and Kediri postal office, there are no imports activity in 2014.
Other Plant Quarantine measures such as containment, rejection and extermination for imported commodities during 2014, in generally explained as follows:
Containment against carrier in 2014 had occurred 137 times, which followed by rejections.
Rejections in 2014 had occured 5 times. Rejections of importation seed occurred 1 time, because it’s broken. Rejections for importation live plants occured 4 times, because the imported horticulture commodities had exceeded the limit of PSAT test, and the health document from the country of origin (Phytosanitary Certificate) is not in accordance with the provisions of Permentan No. 43/2012.
Extermination in 2014 occurred 20 times, i.e:
- Seeds and wooden package, because until the determined time limit has not been met administrative requirements and not re-export back, extermination done by incineration.
- Imported live plant commodities, because pest was found on them, and can not be treated or neutralized, therefore the extermination conducted by incineration.
- Horticultural live plant commodities, because the PSAT test has exceeded beyond the limit, therefore the extermination conducted by crushed, and then buried in the ground.
1.2. Quarantine Measures for Exported Pest Carrier.
The quarantine measures for pest carrier that exported through BBKP Surabaya had occurred 23.494 times. for in the form of seed there are 492 occurrences; 5.537.903 Kg; 1.701.228 sticks. For live plant yields there are 1.470 occurrences; 43.523.861 Kg. For dead plant yields there are 21.442 occurrences;1.572.138.133 Kg; 588.098 M3. And for other things (wooden packages)there are 90 occurrences;10.379.022 Kg.
Pest carriers that exported through Tanjung Perak harbor consist of 16 types of seed with 130 occurrences; volume 5.476.762 Kg; 9.886 sticks. 27 types of live plant yields with 924 occurrences; volume 42.516.562 Kg. 175 types of dead plant yields with 18.621 occurrences; volume 1.571.913.078 Kg; 588.090 M3. And 5 types of other things with 84 occurrences; 10.378.968 Kg.
The quarantine measures for plants that exported through Juanda Airport consisted of 30 types of seed with 282 occurrences, volume 60.998 Kg; 1.688.356 sticks. 49 types of live plant commodities with 535 occurrences; volume 1.007.263 Kg, and 95 types of dead plant commodities with 2.770 occurrences; volume 224.645 Kg; 8,0294 M3. And 2 types of other things with 4 occurrences; 48,2 Kg.
The quarantine measures for plants that exported through Abdurachman Sales – Malang consisted of 3 types of seed with 76 occurred, volume 77 Kg; 2.986 sticks. 5 types of live plant commodities with 8 occurrences; volume 32,35 Kg. and 12 types of dead plant commodities with 28 occurrences; volume 375,4 Kg. one type of other things commodities with 113 occurrences; 489,65 kg; 2.986 sticks.
The quarantine measures for plants that exported through Kediri postal office consisted of 2 types of seed with 4 occurrences, volume 65,6 Kg. 3 types of live plant yields with 3 occurrences, volume 0,5 Kg. 9 types of dead plant yields with 23 occurrences, volume 33,435 Kg. one type of other things/packages, with 1 occurrences, volume 102,785 Kg.
The quarantine measures for exported commodities through Gresik harbor and Tanjung Wangi harbor – Banyuwangi had not occurred in 2014.
There are several types of exported carrier came from other countries/not from Indonesia, therefore Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-Export (KT-11) was published. The pest carrier that re-exported during 2014, most of them are live plant yields and dead plant yields, which consist 895.300 Kg of soybeans, tobaccos, onions, coriander, garlic, with destination to Timor Leste, USA, Vietnam, Singapore and India.
To ensure the exported agriculture commodities free from the pest, the objects must be quarantined. The treatment policy for the exported agriculture commodities has been established by the decree of head of quarantine, stated that in the plant health certification, fumigation activity with Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) dan Phospine (PH3) Fumigant, must be carried out according the Barantan standard and by fumigator that has been registered by Agriculture Quarantine Agency or already have AFASID number.
During 2014, the treatment for the exported commodities had occurred 5.210 times, with type of commodities as follows; 22 types of seed with 126 occurrences, 10 types of live plant with 186 occurrences, 92 types of dead plant commodities with 4.898 occurrences. where the treatment include seed dressing, showing, slurring, sprying, Alkali Process Treatment MB and PH3 Fumigation.
The treatment for Imported commodities, for 8 types of live plant, occurred 434 times; and 8 types of dead plant commodities with 330 occurrences, and for other things only occurred 1 time. the treatment include Ultra Violet Radiation and fumigation with Methyl Bromide.
The treatment for domestic exits, the type of commodity is seed of cane, the treatment by soaking to suppres the existence of insects or fungus in the seed.
1.3. The Quarantine Measures for Pest Carrier that sent in from other area to East Java Province territory.
The quarantine measures for pest carriers from other area to East Java Province territory through BBKP Surabaya had occurred 397 times. Seed with 35 occurrences; 122.168 Kg; 2.199 sticks. Live plant with 137 occurrences; 617.283 kg. Dead plant with 225 occurrences; 48.494.468 Kg.
The pest carrier which sent from other area to East Java province territory through Tanjung Perak harbor, according to the 2014 data, are one type of seed from corn plant, with 11 occurrences, volume 118.000 kg, 4 types of live plant with 34 occurrences, volume 605.500 Kg. And 13 types of dead plant with 123 occurrences, volume 7.954.585 Kg.
The pest carrier which sent from other area to East Java Province territory through Juanda Airport, consist of 5 types of seed with 5 occurrences, 2.079 sticks, 3 types of live plant with 3 occurrences, volume 415 kg.
The pest carrier which sent from other area to East Java Province territory through Gresik harbor, consist of 11 types of dead plant with 102 occurrences, volume 40.539.583 kg.
The pest carrier which sent from other area to East Java Province territory through Abdurachman Sales Airport – Malang, consist of 6 types of seed with 11 occurrences, 67 Kg; 120 sticks, 8 types of live plant with 100 occurrences, volume 11.368 kg.
The pest carrier which sent from other area to East Java Province territory through Kediri postal office and Tanjungwangi harbor – Banyuwangi, had not occurred in 2014.
1.4. The Quarantine Measures for Pest Carrier that sent out from East Java Province territory
The quarantine measures for pest carrier that sent out from East Java Province to other area in the territory of Indonesia, through BBKP Surabaya are 23.049 occurrences in total. Seed with 10.511 occurrences; 18.723.905 kg; 16.422.599 sticks. Live plant with 12.044 occurrences; 26.282.502 Kg; 938.440 sticks. Dead plant 492 occurrences; 141.360.198 kg; 22 sticks.
The pest carrier that sent out from East Java Province to other area in the territory of Indonesia in 2014 through Tanjung Perak harbor Surabaya, are 68 types of seed with 1.576 occurrences. volume 18.607.909 Kg; 4.028.833 sticks. 20 types of live plant commodities with 1.148 occurrences and volume 15.476.513 kg. 17 types of dead plant with 237 occurrences, volume 88.546.176 kg.
The pest carrier that sent out from East Java Province to other area in the territory of Indonesia in 2014 through Juanda Airport, are 23 types of seed with 5.405 occurrences. volume 38.872 Kg; 11.785.722 sticks. 14 types of live plant commodities with 10.590 occurrences, volume 2.564.367 Kg. 8 types of dead plant with 120 occurrences, volume 9.430 kg.
The pest carrier that sent out from East Java Province to other area in the territory of Indonesia in 2014 through Gresik harbor, are 20 types of seed with 25 occurrences. volume 23.805 sticks. 7 types of live plant commodities with 22 occurrences, volume 2.256.498 Kg. 2 types of dead plant with 31 occurrences, volume 34.955.550 Kg.
The pest carrier that sent out from East Java Province to other area in the territory of Indonesia in 2014 through Tanjungwangi harbor, are 28 types of seed with 74 occurrences. volume 21.601 Kg; 23.227 sticks. 14 types of live plant commodities with 165 occurrences, volume 5.939.700 Kg. 2 types of dead plant with 74 occurrences, volume 17.848.800 Kg.
The pest carrier that sent out from East Java Province to other area in the territory of Indonesia in 2014 through Abdurachman Saleh Airport, are 69 types of seed with 430 occurrences. volume 55.522 Kg; 581.102 sticks. 25 types of live plant commodities with 119 occurrences, volume 45.424 Kg; 1.745 sticks. 5 types of dead plant with 29 occurrences, volume 240 Kg; 22 sticks.
The pest carrier that sent out from East Java Province to other area in the territory of Indonesia in 2014 through Kediri postal office, are 1 type of seed with 1 occurrence. volume 0,085 Kg; 581.102 sticks. 1 type of dead plant with 1 occurence, volume 2,2 Kg.
If viewed in tons, then the quarantine measures of plant in 2014 was dominated by import activities, followed by export activities and then inter-area. This activities had effected other activities related to plant quarantine in carrier inspection journey. DIPA BBKP funding in Surabaya in the field of plants more or less only a third of the frequency of activities entirely.